Ventolin (albuterol) is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and treats or prevents bronchospasm.
How does it work?
This drug belongs to the group of expectorant pharmaceuticals that are used to treat respiratory diseases.
Albuterol (also known as salbutamol) is a beta-2 adrenergic agonist. It has the ability to stimulate β-two adrenergic receptors. The latter have the property to have a noticeable bronchodilator effect, focusing in the blood vessels of the bronchi and expanding the bronchi.
It has an invaluable property to prevent and interrupt arising bronchospasm. It is able to reduce the resistance that occurs in the respiratory tract, while the vital capacity of the lungs increases.
Albuterol reduces the release of histamines, contributes to the expansion of the coronary arteries of the circulatory system.
The drug facilitates the work of the lower parts of the respiratory system – the lungs and bronchi.
Ventolin is intended for fast (5 minutes) relief of severe bronchospasm. It is used for diseases such as:
- bronchial asthma, including with bronchospasm;
- chronic obstructive bronchitis, COPD;
The drug gives short-term (4-6 hours) bronchodilation with airway obstruction, which is reversible.
The drug is not used if the patient has ever had a hypersensitivity (allergy) to one of the components of the medicine.
Do not use the drug is you have severe cardiovascular disease.
Use in pediatrics: from the age of 4 years.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Ventolin can be used in pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Lactation during the treatment with this drug is stopped.
Dosage and administration
The drug is used to inhale the aerosol in order to relieve or prevent bronchospasm.
In order for the drug to fall into the respiratory throat during inhalation, you need to:
- shake the spray can;
- exhale as much as possible from the lungs;
- insert an aerosol mouthpiece into your mouth, clasping it with your lips on all sides;
- clicking on the bottom of the can, take a deep breath;
- hold your breath for as long as possible.
Usually, a patient needs to inhale 1 dose of albuterol. The drug is expected to bring relief in about 5 minutes.
If 1 dose of the drug did not bring relief, then you can inhale 1 additional dose of albuterol. In this case, you need to wait at least 30 seconds between inhalations.
If you want to prevent an attack during exercise or contact with an allergen, inhaler 2 doses of albuterol.
With long-term maintenance therapy, inhale 2 doses 4 times a day.
The maximum daily dosage of albuterol is 8 doses per day.
Children aged 4-12 years old should receive 50% of the adult dose.
The use of Ventolin inhaler can cause the following side effects:
- edema, allergic urticaria, paradoxical bronchospasm, hypotension, collapse;
- hypokalemia, lactic acidosis;
- tremor, seizures, hyperactivity;
- tachycardia, arrhythmias, increased blood pressure;
- myocardial ischemia;
- nausea, vomiting;
- fever, injuries;
- irritation of the mucous membrane of the throat and oral cavity.
Overdoses of albuterol can cause intensified side effects:
- tachycardia, weakness, hypokalemia;
- high blood pressure;
- cramps, muscle tremors.
Treatment should be symptomatic. In severe cases, beta1-blockers are administered.
This drug retains its medicinal properties for 3 years. The expiration date is indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
The drug should be kept out of the reach of direct sunlight, pets, children. Storage temperature should not exceed 77° F.